By the end of the eighth year of war on/ in Syria, economic losses had exceeded an estimated $442 billion.
The value of physical capital destruction at $117.7 billion and the loss in gross domestic product (GDP) at $324.5 billion, thus placing the macroeconomic cost of conflict at about $442.2 billion.
5.6 million people were registered as refugees and 6.4 million as internally displaced.
6.5 million were experiencing food insecurity.
11.7 million were still in need of at least one form of humanitarian assistance.
Syrian exports witnessed a collapse, from $8.7 billion in 2010 to $0.7 billion in 2018